Maternity Reflexology Research

INFERTILITY

Controlled Clinical Trials

Grinsted, Schumann L. 2002. Has reflexology effect on women suffering from PCO/PCOS: pilot study. Froenede Danske Zoneterapeuter (FDZ). 

Randomised Controlled Trials (RCT)

Holt J, Lord J, Acharya U, White A, O'Neill N, Shaw S, Barton A. 2008. The effectiveness of foot reflexology in inducing ovulation: a sham-controlled randomized trial. Fertility and Sterility. June 18; 91;6:251-9.

PMS

Controlled/Clinical Trials

Hansen L, Sietam K, Eriksen L. 2003. Reflexology relieves PMS symptoms. In: Proceedings of the RiEN Conference, Italy. [Conducted by FDZ society of Reflexology, Funen County Denmark]

RCT

Oleson T & Focco W. 1993. Randomized controlled study of premenstrual symptoms treated with ear, hand and foot reflexology. Obstetrics and Gynaecology 82;6:906-11.

Valiani M, Babaei E, Heshmat R, Zare Z. 2010. Comparing the effects of reflexology methods and Ibuprofen administration on dysmenorrhea in female students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, IJNMR, 15(Special Issue): 371-378

Pregnancy

Controlled/Clinical Trials

Green E.1997. Treating hypertension and pre-eclampsia at Queen Charlotte’s. Reflexology Association of Australia Footprints Journal. September, pp.16-17.

McNeill J, Alderdice F & McMurray F. 2006. A retrospective cohort study exploring the relationship between antenatal reflexology and intranatal outcomes. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, May;12:119-125.

Motha G, & McGarth J. 1994. The effects of reflexology on labour outcome. In: Association of Reflexologists. Reflexology Research Reports (2nd ed). Association of Reflexologists, London.

Pourghaznein T & Ghafari F. 2006. The effect of sole reflexology on severity of fatigue in pregnant women. TUMS Publications: Tehran University of Medical Sciences Publications, 12;4:5-12 [ Article in Persian].

RCT

Close, C., Sinclair, M., Mc Cullough, J., Liddle, D. and Hughes, C., 2016. A pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) investigating the effectiveness of reflexology for managing pregnancy low back and/or pelvic pain. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 23, pp.117-124.

El-Fekey E, Omara H, El-Reyaye G, El-Enin M. 2018. Effect of food reflexology on stress and anxiety during pregnancy. Medical Journal Cairo University, 86(3):1607-1611.

McCullough, J.E., Liddle, S.D., Close, C., Sinclair, M. and Hughes, C.M., 2018. Reflexology: A randomised controlled trial investigating the effects on beta-endorphin, cortisol and pregnancy related stress. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 31, pp.76-84.

Mollart L. 2003. Single blind trial addressing the differential effects of two reflexology techniques versus rest, on ankle and foot oedema in late pregnancy. Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery, Nov, 9;4: 203-8.

Pourghaznein T, and Ghafari F. 2006. The effect of sole reflexology on severity of fatigue in pregnant women. TUMS Publications: Tehran University of Medical Sciences Publications,12(4):5-12: [Persian].

Shobeiri, F., Manoucheri, B., Parsa, P., & Roshanaei, G. 2017. Effects of Counselling and Sole Reflexology on Fatigue in Pregnant Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR, 11(6), QC01–QC04. http://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2017/22681.9972

Labour & Birth

Qualitative Studies

Arnon Z, Dor A, Bazak H, Attias S, Sagi S, Balachsan S, Schiff E. 2019. Complementary medicine for labouring women: a qualitative study of the effects of reflexology. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, DOI:10.1515/jcim-2018-002.

Controlled/Clinical Trials

Feter  E, Bering L, Lenstrup C, Roseno H & Taxbol D. 1988. Reflexology in relation to Birth. In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Confederation of Midwives Congress, Vancouver, Canada, 2:651-6.

Surakka T. 1998. How to measure the effectiveness of reflexology as a labour painkiller. In: Proceeding 3rd European Conference of Reflexology, Tampere, Finland. September 18-20; 57-8.

RCT

Bagheri, L., Ghiasi, A. and Ahmadnia, E., 2018. Effect of Reflexology on the Length of Labor: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Clinical Trials. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 21(1), pp.105-114.

Clausen J & Moller E. 1996. Foot reflex therapy in the treatment of primary inertia during labour. Proceedings 24th Triennial Congress of the International Confederation of Midwives, Oslo.

Dolatian M, Hasanpour A, Montazeri S, Heshmat R, Majd H. 2011. The effect of reflexology on pain intensity and duration of labour on primiparas. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 13 (7) 475-479.

Moghimi-Hanjani SM, Turzani ZM, Shoghi M.2015. The Effect of Foot Reflexology on Anxiety, Pain, and Outcomes of the Labor in Primigravida Women. Acta Medica Iranica, 53,(8): 407-11.

Moghimi-Hanjani SM, Tourzani ZM, Shoghi M, Ahmadi G. 2013. Effect of foot reflexology on pain intensity and duration of labor on primiparous. Koomesh 14: 166-171.

Jenabi E, Mohajeran M.H, Torkamani M. 2012. The effect of reflexology on relieving the labor pain. Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Infertility, 14 (8), 34-38.

Jijimole M, Jaleel Abdul A, Vijayaraghavan R, Sisila C. 2018. Comparison of the effectiveness of reflexology with skilled birth attendant on labour outcomes in terms of psychological variables among primigravid women- a pilot study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8(8):1179-1187.

Mirzaei F, Kaviani M, Jafari Peyman. 2010. Effect of foot reflexology on duration of labor and severity of first-stage labor pain. Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gyneocology and Infertility, April-May; 13(1):27-32.

Soheila Moghimi Hanjani1, Zahra Mehdizadeh Tourzani, Mahnaz Shoghi. 2013. The effect of foot reflexology on anxiety, pain, and outcomes of the labor in primigravida Women. Acta Med Iran. 53(8):507-511.

Valiani M, Shirahn E, Kianpour M, Hasanpour M. 2010. Reviewing the effect of reflexology on the pain and certain features and outcomes of the labour on the primiparous women. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res, Dec,15 (supppl1): 302-310.

Postnatal & Breastfeeding

Ashabiya J. M., Solomon Reeta Jebakumari. 2018. Effectiveness of foot Reflexology on post caesarean pain among mothers who had Caesarean Section, Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research, 8 (4); 531- 534

Choi S, Lee,E. 2015 Effects of Foot-Reflexology Massage on Fatigue, Stress and Postpartum Depression in Postpartum Women. J Korean Acad Nurs, 45 (4): 587- 594 [Korean]

Elbasan B, Bezgin S. 2018. The effects of reflexology on constipation and motor functions in children with cerebral palsy, Paediatrics and Neonatology, 59,(1): 42–47.

Khoshtarash M, Ghanbari A, Yegane M.R, Kazemnejhad E, Rezasoltani P.2012. Effects of foot reflexology on pain and physiological parameters after Cesarean Section. Koomesh 14 (1):109-116

Li C, Chen S, Li C, Gau M, Huang C. 2009. RCT effectiveness of using foot reflexology to improve quality of sleep amongst taiwanese postpartum women, Midwifery: 2009.04.005

Mohammadpour A, Valiani N, Sadeghnia A, Talakoub S. 2018. Investigating the effect of reflexology on the breast milk volume of Preterm infants’ mothers. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 23:371-5.

Park S. 2007. Effects of Foot-Reflexology Massage on Body Weight, Lower Extremity Edema and Serum Lipids in Postpartum Women, Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, 13, 2: 105-114 [Korean]

Pourghaznein T, and Ghafari F. 2006. The effect of sole reflexology on severity of fatigue in pregnant women. TUMS Publications: Tehran University of Medical Sciences Publications,12(4):5-12: [Persian].

Razmjoo Nastaran, Hafizi Lotfabadi Leili,Yousefi Fatemeh*,Esmaeeli Habibolah,Azizi Hoda,Lotfalizadeh Marzieh. 2012. Effect of Foot Reflexology on Pain and Anxiety in women following Elective Cesarean Section. Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gyneocology and Infertility. April; 15(1):9-17.

Siu-lan, Li, 1996. Milk secretion in new mothers: Galactagogue Effect of Foot Reflexology in 217 Parturient Women. Beijing International Reflexology Conference (Report), China Preventive Medical Association and the Chinese Society of Reflexology, Beijing, 1996 p. 14

 Menopause & Associated conditions

Controlled Clinical Trials

Lee YM. 2006. Effect of Self-Foot Reflexology massage on Depression, Stress Responses and Immune Functions of Middle Aged Women. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. Feb;36;1:179-88 [Article in Korean]

Park HS, Cho GY. 2004. Effects of foot reflexology on essential hypertension patients. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2004 Aug;34; 5:739-50. [Article in Korean]

Jang SH, Kim KH. 2009 Effects of self-foot reflexology on stress, fatigue and blood circulation in premenopausal middle-aged women. J Korean Acad Nurs. Oct;39;5:662-72.  [Article in Korean]

RCT

Williamson J, White A, Hat A, Ernst E. 2002. Randomised controlled trial of reflexology for menopausal symptoms. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sept; 109:1050-1055.

Updated 16 March 2019

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